The findings from a national sample of adolescents and young adults show that electronic cigarette use and dual use of electronic cigarettes and cigarettes are significant underlying risk factors for coronavirus disease 2019. Health care providers, parents, schools, community-based organizations, and policymakers must help make youth aware of the connection between smoking and vaping and coronavirus disease.
A study conducted by the Illinois Department of Public Health, identifies trends in perinatal Electronic Vapor Product usage. Electronic vapor products (EVPs) comprise a diverse group of devices, including electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). EVP users inhale an aerosol that typically contains nicotine, flavorings, and other additives. Nicotine is a developmental toxicant that adversely affects pregnancy and infant outcomes. Therefore, EVPs are not safe for mother or baby during pregnancy.
For more information about various studies conducted by the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) visit the following link:
To examine youth substance use trends and patterns, CDC analyzed data from the 2009–2019 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. This report presents estimated prevalence of current (i.e., previous 30-days) marijuana use, prescription opioid misuse, alcohol use, and binge drinking and lifetime prevalence of marijuana, synthetic marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin, injection drug use, and prescription opioid misuse among U.S. high school students. Findings highlight opportunities for expanding evidence-based prevention policies, programs, and practices that aim to reduce risk factors and strengthen protective factors related to youth substance use, in conjunction with ongoing initiatives for combating the opioid crisis.
In a recent report published by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, a new measurement tool known as the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) was developed. The YRBSS monitors six categories of health-related behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability among youth and adults, including, alcohol and other drug use, tobacco use and a variety of other unhealthy behaviors.
According to a recent report published by the University of Baltimore’s Center for Drug Policy and Enforcement, drug overdoses spiked 18% in the United States in the first two months after pandemic stay-at-home orders began in mid-March.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention published a study outlining that prescription opioid use during pregnancy has been associated with poor outcomes for mothers and infants. Studies using administrative data have estimated that 14%–22% of women filled a prescription for opioids during pregnancy; however, data on self-reported prescription opioid use during pregnancy are limited.
A recent study conducted by the Illinois Department of Human Services outlines that the number of opioid overdose deaths that have occurred thus far in 2020 are rising at an alarming rate. Due to the lag time in confirming cases of opioid overdose death, the actual size of the increase will not be known for some time. However, current information indicates that the number of opioid overdose deaths occurring in the first six months of 2020 is higher when compared to the same period last year.